Competitiveness of Beef Processing in Borno State of Nigeria: A Policy Analysis Matrix Approach

A. O. Mamza, K. K. Salman, I. B. Adeoye


Beef processing improves food safety, extend shelf-life, better nutrition as well as increased household income. It is vital to examine the Competitiveness and impact of government policies on beef processing to evaluate the contribution of the sub sector to food security and economic empowerment. The study therefore investigated the Competitiveness, Comparative Advantages and effect of government policy on beef processing in Borno State. Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting 86 processors within the study area. The study utilized both primary and secondary data and was analyzed using Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM).The study identified three main beef products namely Kilishi, Tsire and Balangu. PAM result revealed that Kilishi, Tsire and Balangu processing were privately and socially profitable. Private profit of N1,087,278.41, N839,576.95, N439,857.69 and Social Profit of N5,810,065.52, N3,347,518.07 and N1,398,042.95 were estimated for Kilishi, Tsire and Balangu processing respectively. Private Cost Ratio (PCR) of 0.27, 0.28 and 0.35 were obtained for Kilishi, Tsire and Balangu indicating competitiveness of the enterprises. The Nominal protection coefficient on output (<1) and input (>1) indicated that the processors are taxed. The Effective Protection Coefficient (EPC) of Kilishi, Tsire and Balangu processing were 0.24, 0.32 and 0.43 indicating low value added at domestic price. The study recommends provision of incentives to processors to increase competitiveness and secured environment for private sector participation.

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