Research on Sustainable Agriculture Among QUAD Countries: A Bibliometrics Study

Author(s): Manendra Kumar Singh

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Published: 2023-08-24


This study formulates to understand state-of-the-art research in sustainable agriculture among QUAD countries. Bibliometric analysis has been used to identify hot areas, trends, and various research clusters in sustainable agriculture. This study examined such connections and relationships from a bibliometric approach using Scopus databases from 2002 to 2021. The topic and title/abstract/keyword search strategy have been used. The search query retrieved 17498 documents with bibliographic details in RIS and CSV format.  VOSviewer and R  software (Biblioshiny) were used for data analysis about authors, research keywords, institutions, countries, sources, and citations. The growth of research shows an upward tendency in the total number of publications; the United States has been designated the top QUAD nation, followed by India, Australia, and Japan. The top three author keywords were soil, agriculture, and yield found. The Science of The Total Environment ranked first in terms of literature publication, where the highest citation was received by the Journal of the American Chemical Society. International collaborations with QUAD countries indicate that China is on top of several research, whereas the United Kingdom and Germany because of natural allies of the USA. Between 2019 and 2021, Smallholder farmers, conservation agriculture, sustainable intensification, trade-off, crop rotation, soil health, life cycle, and assessment were found as hot spot research areas. Keyword analysis and time evolution of various essential sustainable Agriculture have shown that the research associated with contemporary problems in agriculture and utilization of technology. Nonetheless, while climate change influences agriculture, it is anticipated that, shortly, researchers will concentrate more on sustainable agriculture, green agriculture, and organic agriculture as a step toward lowering fertilizer usage for climate change mitigation.