Vol 2, No 1

Table of Contents

Articles

Building Sustainable Policy Framework for Transport Development: A Review of National Transport Policy Initiatives in Nigeria PDF
Sumaila AbdulGaniyu Femi

This paper is concerned with building a sustainable policy framework for transport development in Nigeria. Its objective is to review the country’s transport policy initiatives in order to understand the extent to which it addresses Nigeria’s mobility and transportation problems. From published materials and official government documents and files, the study identifies four national policy initiatives which are reviewed and discussed with regard to their context, contents, and consequences. The study reveals that while the policy initiatives could be said to be adequate and comprehensive in terms of their context and contents, the major challenge is implementation of recommended solutions. The study therefore provides a general checklist to guide policy direction, while advocating for policy-based researches and empirical studies in order to provide the data base for formulation of a sustainable national transport policy for Nigeria.

Economic- Geographical View of the Flora and Fauna: The Case Northeastern Montenegro PDF
Goran Rajović

The paper presents economic and geographical view of the flora and fauna of northeastern Montenegro. The importance of forest vegetation, grass cover, anthropogenic vegetation cover, and the peculiarities of flora, fauna evaluation. In the absence of more detailed geographical survey of wildlife, it is difficult to talk about the fauna of the considered geographic space, as a whole. A little more detail, relevant and valuable for the evaluation in terms of human needs, we know about hunting fauna, terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Therefore, in the text the meaning of rated value of fish fauna and flora of hunting game, in terms of tourist and recreational needs.

Invisible Drought in Some Stations above Latitude 90N of Nigeria PDF
Olatunde Adewale Francis
This study is on invisible drought occurrence and reoccurrence in the Sudan-Sahel region of Nigeria. The region is prone to drought occurrence. Data used were from 1941 to 2010 and for eight stations scattered over the region. The Bhalme and Mooley Drought Index (BMDI) was used to characterize drought occurrences. This was with the intention of finding out the percentage of invisible drought occurrence over a 70 year period (1941-2010). There is statistical evidence of increasing invisible drought. Apart from these, other findings concerning the occurrences of invisible droughts in the decades and sub-periods used for the study were made and are in the study. Measures on how to ameliorate the effects of droughts, especially invisible drought on the populace and environment were suggested. These suggestions when implemented collectively will reduce the effects of invisible drought in the study area.

Temporal Analyses of Drought Intensities Occurrence within Recent Decades in Some Stations in Northern Nigeria PDF
Olatunde Adewale Francis, Aremu James Kayode
This study was on temporal analyses of  drought intensities occurrences in recent decades in some stations in Northern Nigeria. The region experiences drought occurrence often. Data used were from 1941 to 2010. The Bhalme and Mooley Drought Index (BMDI) was used to categorize drought occurrences into invisible, mild, moderate, severe and extreme within the decades used. This was with the intention of finding out their percentages of occurrences over a 70 year period (1941-2010) in those stations. Results show that low intensity drought prevailed in Northern Nigeria during the study period. It also indicated that extreme droughts were confined to the decades between 1971 and 2000 in those stations. Apart from these findings, others were discussed in the study. Measures on how to ameliorate and mitigate the effects of droughts, especially the dominant intensity types on the people, community and environment were suggested.

A Review: The Impacts of Green Practices Adoption on Green Performance in the Malaysian Automotive Industry PDF
Juriah Conding, Nurul Fadly Habidin, Anis Fadzlin Mohd Zubir, Suzaituladwini Hashim, Nurzatul Ain Sri Lanang
Green practices are increasingly implemented in the automotive industry. Green practices development in a broad context that includes performance, the competitive of green and the internal organization of the firm. A set of assessment measurement of green practices is expected to be suitable to innovation characteristics and improve in green performance in the Malaysian automotive industry. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the impact and relationship between green practices and green performance in Malaysian automotive industry. The conceptual model using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) has been proposed. This model will be used to study the relationship between green practices and green performance for Malaysian automotive industry. Based on the proposed conceptual model and reviewed, research hypotheses are being developed.

Factors Affecting Company Performance and New Product Performance PDF
Masood Nawaz Kalyar, Nosheen Rafi, Muhammad Azeem
Customer relationship management (CRM) is a key factor that affects company performance and acting as back-bone for companies in 21st Century. CRM helps an organization to improve not only its existing products, services and procedures but also enables it to develop better and novel new products. However, the antecedents of CRM have only been explored in the context of existing products but CRM’s potential to support in future new product development (NPD) has been ignored. The aim of this paper is to develop and test a model for factors affecting company performance and new product performance. This study develops a theoretical framework with multiple aspects of CRM having links with new product performance and company performance. The results from the analysis of 233 responses suggest that when a firm employs more of its CRM processes in an NPD context, the higher is firm’s new product performance. On the other hand, data does not support for any significant influence of CRM technology on new product development and new product performance. In addition to this, the application of CRM reward systems does not play a facilitating role in new product performance.



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