Vol 3, No 2

Table of Contents


Globalization and Complexity of Environmental Governance in Sustainable Development and Climate Change Policy Diffusion Mechanisms in Developing Countries - The American Response and the Case of Bangladesh PDF
Sanwar Azam Sunny
In a highly interconnected world, large groups and communities are working hard to work toward common goals. Various institutional problems have however surfaced for multiple complex reasons, coupled with sectorial policies and ineffectiveness. Therefore, this interwebbed complexity has caused significant stagnation in the collective progress, particularly in the field of sustainable development and climate change policies, and their governance around the world. This paper focuses on policy mandates in global arenas that make their way to individual states such as Bangladesh and around the globe, as with globalization and more public involvement, novel challenges have been created that were never faced before.

Strategies to Improve Attitude of Secondary School Students towards Physics for Sustainable Technological Developmentin Abakaliki L.G.A, Ebonyi-Nigeria PDF
G. F Ibeh, D.U Onah, A.E Umahi, F.C Ugwuonah, N.O Nnachi, J.E Ekpe
This study is aimed at the strategies to improve attitude of secondary school students towards physics for sustainable technological development in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi state. Five research questions were raised to guide the study. The population of the study consist of 270 physics teachers and students. A sample of 180 students and 18 teachers was selected through random sampling. The instrument used for data collection was  structured questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using mean. The findings were identifies as qualified/professional physics teachers, adequate instructional materials, equippment, teaching aids and tools, management/government intensive  funding, motivation of both teachers and students, comfortable classroom,  recommendation of textbook and comfortable library and laboratory. Based on the findings, the necessary recommendations was made. Government/school proprietor should provide teaching aids, materials and equippment for effective teaching and learning of physics. Provide incentives to physics teachers and students. The government/proprietor should provide sufficient/good classrooms, library and laboratory for students. Proper funding and timely release of fund for educational activities should be done.

Geographic Favor of Analyzing Rural Space: The Case Rural Local Communities Kralje PDF
Goran Rajović, Jelisavka Bulatović
The paper analyzes the possibilities of development of the rural communities of the local Kralje. Types of Natural Resources and its qualitative characteristics are favorable for the development. However, analysis of the survey shows rural farming local community Kralje is not in agreement with all available natural conditions. Disagreement between the available natural resources and modern rural agriculture is determined economic policy, tradition, demographics, economic structure and market. Natural tourist attractions of the rural local community’s Kralje are respectable potential for future tourism development and as such offer the possibility of practicing different: sports - leisure activities, fitness for a stay and rehabilitation. In addition, the rural local community Kralje provides opportunities for tourism development of special needs: rural tourism, hunting, fishing, sightseeing tourism, hiking in nature. Encouraging entrepreneurship and creation of conditions for its development is matures, inexhaustible opportunities for organic health food. The new rural development strategies must be equally'' cover'' the economic, demographic and socio-cultural dimension of development. This, of course, goes to the local initiative, which should based on the needs, interests and possibilities of community residents. In accordance with the concept of sustainable development is expected to work culture is based on humane principles ecumenical environmental and social performance. Going environmentally sound society is our essential needs, but also the obligation.

A Review: Nigeria’s Transportation System and the Place of Entrepreneurs PDF
Chris Nwoha IGWE, O.T. Oyelola, I.O. Ajiboshin, S. Raheem
Transportation is a requirement for every nation, regardless of its industrial capacity, population size or technological development. The Nigerian transport systems, right from inception,  were poorly designed and are unable to scale up to meet greater demand, a design flaw which causes traffic congestion on roads, overstressed railways, faltering airfields, and mass-transport blind spots. Overall there appear to be market impediments which operate to limit the extent to which Nigerian entrepreneurs undertake businesses in the transportation sector and their prospects for success. This paper discusses the origins of modern Nigerian transportation,  problems in its transportation infrastructure and system, and emphasizes the role of entrepreneurship as the strategic instrument for creating an effective transportation system conducive to business and then makes policy suggestions, after considering the potentials .We also recommend a well structured and properly implemented PPP model as one effective way of funding transport infrastructural deficit in Nigeria.

Wood Based Biomass Fuel Consumption in the Upper West Region of Ghana: Implications for Environmental Sustainability PDF
Naasegnibe Kuunibe, Haruna Issahaku, Paul Kwame Nkegbe
Households’ fuel consumption decisions are affected by a number of factors. But the choice of fuel can affect environmental sustainability, especially where wood based biomass fuel is preferred. This paper examines households’ fuel consumption decisions with emphasis on biomass and its implications on environmental sustainability. In all, 200 heads of households were selected through a multistage sampling procedure. The binary logit model was used to examine the factors influencing households’ decision to use wood based biomass fuel for their cooking needs. The major factors influencing such decisions are years of completed school by household head, household size, price of the fuel and household income. Given that the removal of wood based biomass from the land results in very negative consequences in the form of soil erosion, reduced moisture and soil nutrients, it is recommended that alternative livelihoods be found for the people to both help them move up the energy ladder to cleaner fuels and also increase their incomes.

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