Repellent Effect of Neem against the Cabbage Armyworm on Leaf Vegetables

Hiromi Ikeura, Akio Sakura, Masahiko Tamaki

Abstract


We investigated the pest repellent effect of azadirachtin formulation and neem seed kernel oil cake. In laboratory tests, the repellent effect of komatsuna and spinach treated with azadirachtin formulation or neem seed kernel oil cake for 7 days on the feeding cabbage armyworm were evaluated. The feeding repellent effect of azadirachtin formulation treatment was equivalent to that of commercial biological pesticide, while the effect of neem seed kernel oil cake treatment was higher. This result clarified that neem seed kernel oil cake has a high feeding repellent effect against cabbage armyworms. In field tests, although the feeding percentage for komatsuna and spinach controls was 70%, that for komatsuna and spinach treated with azadirachtin formulation and neem seed kernel oil cake was about 40% and 30%, respectively. These laboratory and field test findings demonstrated that despite having an affect less than that of azadirachtin, neem seed kernel oil cake is a high effective feeding repellent.

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