Vol 1, No 1

Table of Contents

Articles

National Security Challengesand Sustainable Economic Development: Evidence from Nigeria PDF
Adebakin, M. A., Raimi, L.
Nigeria is one of the relatively secured nations in West African sub-region. In recent times, this endowed nation suddenly metamorphosed into an abode of serial bombing, hostage taking, armed robbery, cold-blooded killings and ethno-religious conflicts traceable to militant groups with conflicting ideological, political and religious agenda. Among these militant groups are Niger-Delta insurgents, Campus cults, Bakassi Boys, Armed robbers, O’odua People’s Congress, Boko Haram et cetera. The resultant loss of lives, rising budgetary spending for security and destruction of valuable government facilities portend devastating consequences for sustainable economic development in the country. This paper examines the link between national security and sustainable economic development in Nigeria. The authors adopt quantitative method, which entails extraction of secondary data from the publications of Central Bank of Nigeria, National Bureau of Statistics and other reliable reports on the subject. The generated data were carefully analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics on the basis of which far-reaching conclusions were drawn. The research findings indicate that Nigeria’s expenditure on national security is rising faster than spending on education, agriculture, health and construction. This unpleasant finding has negative effect on sustainable economic development in Nigeria. The paper proffers tripartite recommendations for governments, the citizens and policy-makers.

Mitigation and Management of the Effects of Weather-Induced Hazards/Disasters in the Arid and Semi-Arid Zones of Nigeria PDF
Olatunde Adewale Francis
Weather-induced hazards such as drought, flooding, hailstorm, windstorm and heavy rainstorm among others have become common in arid and semi-arid areas of Nigeria. This paper reviews the occurrences of the hazards and the uncoordinated manner in which the effects of these hazards have been mitigated and managed. A modern and up to date approach is also proposed for the mitigation and management of the effects of the hazards on the people, environment and the society at large.

Towards a Biblical Response to Myth and Discrimination against the Human Right of Albinos in Yorubaland PDF
Olugbenga Samuel Olagunju
It has been widely reported by some international and local media (electronic and print) that Albinos in some parts of Africa are kidnapped and killed for ritual purposes. The worst hit countries are Tanzania, South Africa and Burundi. This dastardly act against the Albinos is an outright disrespect for the sanctity of human life as assured by the Almighty and their right to live as entrenched by the International Human Right Law. God has given human beings life and the United Nations Declaration for Human Right has guaranteed freedom for all people no matter their race, color and creed. It is unfortunate that the human right of the Albinos is being abused especially among the Yorubas where they are isolated and discriminated against because of the myth that surrounds them. They are called Afin or eni-orisa that is “one who belongs to the deity.” As a result of this myth, they are discriminated against and their human right is infringed upon. They are denied of essential amenities (such as education, employment and other basic life provisions) which are privileges of the free born.
This paper is a Biblical response to the myth and discrimination against the Albinos among the Yoruba people. The paper involves interview of some Albinos to ascertain the kind of abuses they suffer. It also makes use of on-line materials such as e-book, newspapers and articles that focus on human right of the Albinos in Africa, and more especially among the Yoruba people of Southwestern Nigeria. This paper recommends that the Albinos have right to life and they should be treated equally like any non-pigmented persons wherever they found themselves.



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