Vol 18, No 1

Table of Contents

Articles

Improvement of Effectiveness of Village Fund Policy in Indonesia PDF
Tatiek Sri Djatmiati, Abd. Shomad, Bambang Suheryadi
After the legalization of the Village Law, the amount of funds flowing into villages is geting higher and higher. Every year it continues to increase. In 2015 the amount reached Rp. 20.8 trillion, and in 2016 it was Rp. 46.96 trillion, and now it raised to Rp. 60 trillion, and in 2018 it would be increased to Rp 120 trillion. The greater authority of the village government to manage the finances and resources is not balanced with the controls in the use of the budget. Automatically, it results in the arising of some problems. Supervision and monitoring are very important things to do so that earlier detection can be carried out if there are some irregularities, dissipations, misappropriations, obstacles, and mistakes in the use of funds, also failures to achieve the goals and objectives. They are done in stages involving various stakeholders such as the community, the regional government, the ministries, Audit Board, and the Corruption Eradication Commission; House of Representaties or Parliament, Regional People’s Representative Assembly, and Village Consultative Body (BPD) (Regional Planning Agency) politically have a function of supervision of the village officials in managing the village funds. It can be started from empowering the local communities to participate in the management of the village funds to reporting the implementation of the planning of the programs. Involving the local people is highly expected that the village funds are used as optimally as possible based on the interests and needs of the local community.

The Underlying Reasons of the Low Rate of Criminal Witness Testifying in China PDF
Wang Chao
To ensure that witnesses testify in court, the National People's Congress (NPC) created large-scale modifications in witnesses testifying system when amending the Criminal Procedure Law (CPL) of the People's Republic of China (P.R.C) (1996 Revision) in 2012. Theoretical circles generally believe that a perfect witness testifying system can help witnesses to testify in court. China’s witnesses testifying system has made remarkable progress from the legal text in 2012. However, judging from the judicial practice in recent years, the proportion of criminal witnesses appearing in court has not been significantly improved. The underlying cause of the unexpected situation is not the various defects of witness testifying system in China itself, but the operating environment of witness testifying system. Further speaking, whether high or low, the proportion of criminal witnesses appearing in court has no substantive impact on the criminal trial. Especially in cases where criminal trial become formalistic, many people’s courts do not need witnesses to testify in court.



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