Vol 10, No 2

Table of Contents

Articles

Preliminary Investigation of the Status of Domestic and Commercial Sewage Management in Benin Metropolis, Nigeria PDF
D. I. Igbinomwanhia, I.S. Opoke, S.O. Omorose, Y.U. Yakubu, S.C. Oniovusa
Among the multitude of problems in Benin metropolis waste appears to be the most prominent in recent years. However, efforts on waste management in Benin metropolis is directed mainly towards solid waste stream as it seems to be more problematic. This study was therefore carried to as a preliminary investigate of the status of sewage and sewage management in Benin metropolis. The study was broken down into two phases – A study of current sewage management system in Benin metropolis and a survey of the chemical composition of household (Residential, commercial and institutional) sewage  in Benin metropolis. The results obtained shows that sewage is discharged into soak-away pit without treatment. The range of potassium found in the samples of sewage analysed in the laboratory was 5.89 mg/l to 152.91mg/l and  the range of phosphorus was 0.08 mg/l to 9.96 mg/l.  In addition the range of lead and mercury were 0.01 mg/l to 0.16 mg/l and 0.04mg/l to 0.52 mg/l. Considering these results from the study there is need for serious attention to be given to sewage management in Benin metropolis.

An Analysis of the Role of Women in Curbing Energy Poverty in Nigeria PDF
Adama A. Abdullahi

Despite Nigeria’s abundance of fossil and renewable energy resources, Nigerians still experience acute energy poverty; they either lack access to modern energy sources or have to cope with inadequate supply and poor quality. Close to 95 million people are fully reliant on traditional woodstoves for cooking.  Poor access to energy is directly affecting livelihoods, lowering quality of life and hurting the economy. Poor Energy Access is the root of energy poverty, it leads to drudgery, greater health risks, severely undermines health, inhibits education, limits livelihood opportunities, and reduces the chances for the poor to rise out of poverty, ultimately diminishing the world’s chances to successfully achieve the SDGs by 2030. Even though global efforts are headed in the right direction to end energy poverty, the rate of interventions is far behind the population growth rate and calls for dramatic accelerations in mobilizing resources to increase access to renewable energy alternatives.

This study explores and emphasises that women are not only a special interest group in using renewable energy to alleviate energy poverty in Nigeria; they are the mainstream users and often producers of energy, it has become glaring that women are the fastest growing cohort of entrepreneurs and business owners in many developing countries especially Nigeria.  Without their involvement, renewable energy projects risk being inappropriate and failing. Energy researchers who will leave women out of energy research and analysis will be failing to understand a large part of energy consumption and production all over the world. Women are a key resource in the energy service delivery process though underutilized. They are primarily viewed only as energy consumers even while it is the women that experience energy poverty much more severely than men. The result shows that there is great opportunity for collaboration with women on community energy projects that can contribute to ending energy poverty in Nigeria. Also there is opportunity in development that is yet to be harnessed in women’s entrepreneurship & potential impacts for the household and agricultural energy sector in Nigeria because evidently financial liberation of women has a greater impact on the community than any other demographic.

Measuring Urban Sustainability through Compact City Approach: A Case Study of Lahore PDF
Hussain Liaqat, Abdul Waheed, Naeem Asghar Malik, Imtiaz Ahmed Vohra
Achieving urban sustainability has become a prime goal for urban planners. However due to its subjective nature, it is complicated to integrate urban sustainability concept in planning practices. Moreover, it is advocated that measure of urban sustainability through the compact city is a vital solution for city management. However, due to dynamic nature of the city structures around the world, there exists a limited consensus on parameters and dimensions to measure urban compactness especially in the towns developed in unplanned manners. This study aims to explore different dimensions and relevant indicators to understand and measure compactness in the context of Lahore. The findings of the research reflected that the key factors for the urban sustainability in a compact city are density, transportation and landuse. Density profile in Lahore shows that new residential schemes are rapidly occupying the vacant land and consequently increasing average trip distances and urban sprawl. Besides this, landuse breakup in Lahore is highly variant because of the rapid change in its uses. Average land consumption per person in Lahore is 51 square meter which is on the lower side and would have grave consequences for public rely on car use in future. Moreover, public transport accessibility in Lahore is another problem faced by the general public. Finally, it is concluded that Lahore is a compact city to some extent with the absence of sustainability concepts due to lack of regularity authority control and haphazard development. The situation needs immediate attention of authorities otherwise use of public transportation will be decline and cars will encroach major part of ones' land consumption.



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