A Hermeneutic Phenomenological Inquiry: Probing Challenges and Prospects of Left-behind Children Education in the Northern Shaanxi Province, China

Lin Ge, Douglas Durst University of Regina Canada Abstract This research presents the lived experience of left-behind children living in the northern Shaanxi province, China. Herein hermeneutic phenomenological inquiry is employed to identify the main challenges faced by those left-behind children who are in the primary school stage and underlying Continue Reading

Economic Growth and International Trade: application from South Korea

Yugang He (Ph.D.) Chonbuk National University South Korea Abstract This paper pays much emphasis on the relationship between economic growth and international trade in South Korea. Via using the ordinary least square to perform an empirical analysis, Findings illustrate that the long-run, steady and equilibrium relationship among economic growth, import Continue Reading

Analysis on the Registration System in Civil Procedure Law

OU Yuanjie Ph.D in Law Renmin University Beijing, P.R. China ABSTRACT China’s civil case filing system has turned comprehensively from examination system to registration system, having actually established the petition model with the core of petition registration. The registration system is not only a simple problem regarding petition registration, but Continue Reading

Rogative Learning in Education for Sustainable Development: Environment, Human Rights and Democracy

The question underlying the investigation in this paper is how within a context of education for sustainable development it is possible to learn about the environment, human rights and democracy and at the same time practice what human rights and democracy stands for. A point of departure which allows more than one way of achieving the desired goal is called rogative learning (or question-based-learning). The rogative learning process is scrutinized from various perspectives, mainly philosophical and educational, in order to see how well it fulfils what is required in education for sustainable development. The advantages of this approach – that it springs from the interests of students and encourages deliberation – and the disadvantages and shortcomings – that it constantly puts the educator to test when it comes to knowledge and the many ways of carrying out an inquiry – are discussed for further investigation.

Entrepreneurship: Vocational Skills to Achieve Sustainable Economic Growth in Nigeria

In Nigeria not much emphasis has been laid on vocational skills as regards to sustainable economic growth which is the main subject this paper is going to cover. This paper will examine how stakeholders if focus on making entrepreneurship development easy in Nigeria and provide the necessary Technical and vocational Education and training to sustain Sustainable Development, shall create avenues for industrialization of the country. Looking at the countries that have achieved sustainable economic development, the paper shall highlight how economic developments can satisfy Nigeria’s needs economically, politically, socially and otherwise should we pursue it following the concept of Brundtland Report of sustainable development.

The paper will also underscore the relevance of vocation skills as a realistic mechanism for sustainable economic growth considering the experiences of other developed nations.

To Seek the Association Between Reproductive History and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Post Menopausal Women

INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are among the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A study shows among 169 women under age 60 with a diagnosis of coronary heart disease in residents of Rochester, Minnesota. The first manifestation of coronary heart disease was angina in 95, myocardial infarction in 59, and sudden unexpected death in 15 women. (C M Beard et al, 1984).

AIM AND OBJECTIVES:   To seek the association between reproductive history and cardiovascular disease risk in post-menopausal women.

METHODS: Descriptive co relational study design was used to ascertain the association between reproductive history and cardiovascular disease risk in Vijay Marie Hospital, Hyderabad.  After obtaining consent a pilot study was conducted on 20 women above 35 years of age, married or unmarried, working or non-working women were selected by purposive sampling technique.  Three tools were developed and checked for its content validity.  Tool for socio demographic data, maternal history of women and assessment of cardiac risk factors.  Data obtained was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

RESULTS: Majority of women were 55-59 years, below 10th grade, 70% working, 75% married, 50% had family members more than three, 55% joint family, 30% diabetes.  There is statistically significant association between demographic data such as education (P=0.002), occupation (P=0.002), marital status (P=0.025), monthly family income (P=0.035) and heart problems at 0.05 level.   The association between age and selected cardiovascular risk factors such as high cholesterol (P=0.007), heart disease (P=0.00), arthritis (P=0.00), use of tobacco (P=0.002), physical activity (P=0.047), currently on OCPs (P=0.025), heart problems (P=0.002), on cardiac medications (P=0.002), are found to be statistically significant at 0.05 level.  There is also statistically significant association seen between reproductive history such as no. of abortions (P=0.001), regularity of menstruation (P=0.000), age at menopause (P=0.001) and heart problems at 0.05 level.

CONCLUSION: Selected demographic characters such as education, occupation, marital status and monthly income; cardiac risk factors such as use of tobacco, light physical activity, on HRT, OCPs and on cardiac medications; reproductive history such as no. of abortions, regularity of menstruation and age at menopause were statistically found to be significant at 0.05 level.  Studies can be undertaken to see the effectiveness of alternative treatments in decreasing the postmenopausal symptoms.  Studies also can be undertaken to enhance the knowledge of women through structured health education program.