Vol 2, No 1

Table of Contents


Incorporation Act Issues for Revenue Generating Green Social Enterprises and NGOs Transforming into Green Social Enterprise Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) in Ontario, Canada PDF
Kazi Abdur Rouf
This paper explores the issues of existing social enterprise acts and the possibility to have separate incorporation acts and legal framework for the revenue generating not-for-profit green social enterprises (NPRGSEs) and for the transforming green social enterprise microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Ontario. This agenda is very important and urgent in the cutback policy era in Ontario to reduce the dependence of green social enterprises on public resources as well as to develop alternative strategies for their internal fund mobilization process. The separate Incorporation Acts for these NPRGSEs would allow them to establish partnerships among private and NPRGSEs/NGOs; would license them to collect public deposits, pubic savings, issue bonds and invest that money in social enterprises development in Ontario. This investment process would help NPRGSEs mobilize their internal funds as well as promote green small enterprises and serve as a community outreach in Ontario. The earnings from this internal fund mobilization process would also be used by NPRGSEs for scaling up outreach programs. In order to make these happen, this paper recommends establishing an independent "˜Green Social Enterprise Commission' where solid green social enterprise polices and Acts would be developed and executed. The Green Social Enterprise Commission would also monitor the activities of the NPRGSEs and allow non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to transform into green social enterprises MFIs.

Encouraging Co-operative Learning among Students PDF
Pujari VCSMR, D. Srinivasa Rao
Today the learning process in colleges have become passive listening in the class instead of active participation. After completion of the graduation in engineering stream or in management stream, student faces lot of problems when he enters in the competitive world to search for a job where he has to participate in group events as team member or team leader. Therefore in order to equip students with adequate communicative competence the student should be actively engaged in classroom activities for real communication and learning. In this paper we highlight on encouraging cooperative learning process among students which is a system of teaching and learning techniques in which students are active agents in the process of learning instead of passive receivers of the product of any given knowledge. In this study, we made a comparison between cooperative learning and traditional group learning and also showed that cooperative learning process could increase students' academic learning as well as personal growth. In addition our study validates that cooperative learning was considered must and the best instructional format enhancing learner's communicative competence and also in a cooperative environment, students become members of a learning team, instead of solitary learners.

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