Vol 7, No 2

Table of Contents


Project-Based Learning in Mini-Companies. Student Perceptions of "Young Enterprise Switzerland" PDF
Carsten Quesel, Guido Moeser, Susanne Burren
This paper analyzes how involved students retrospectively evaluate the participation in mini-companies in Swiss higher secondary schools. These mini-companies are entrepreneurial projects situated in the field of business education, which require real investments and active marketing measures on a small scale. The cross-sectional study is based on a survey concerning the Company Program of "Young Enterprise Switzerland" (YES). The theoretical framework has been derived from a discussion of different pedagogical concepts of project learning. The analysis is guided by a structural equation modelling approach. Overall, the data show a high level of expected benefits. These expectations correspond with a positive assessment of cooperative efforts during the project and with positive views concerning the social function of entrepreneurship for the public weal.

An Investigation into the Factor Structure of Academically Optimistic Culture, Enabling School Structure and School Mindfulness Scale (Case: Tehran Primary Schools) PDF
Fatemeh Narenjithani, Alireza Youzbashi, Farnoosh Alami, Masoud Ahmadzadeh
The current research study aimed to shed light on the multiple relationships between enabling structure, school mindfulness and the academic optimism of Elementary school teachers in Iran. To achieve this, 185 Iranian teachers were picked out on the basis of a multi-stage random sampling procedure. They were required to respond to three questionnaires: Academic Optimism of Schools, Enabling School Structure, and School Mindfulness Scale. Furthermore, to analyze the gathered data, AMOS software in general and correlation research method in particular was utilized. The study finally revealed that enabling school structure and school mindfulness bear positive impacts on academic optimism. Additionally, the study signified a positive covariance between enabling structure and schools mindfulness; and also a positive relation between enabling structure and school mindfulness.

Variation of Attitude among University Students towards Entrepreneurship Education PDF
Buba Musa Pulka, Rimamnde Rikwentishe, Umma Aliyu Usman Mani, Mallo Mangai Jossiah
This paper examines the differences of attitude towards entrepreneurship education among students of some selected universities in north eastern Nigeria. Five universities where purposively selected, the respondents were randomly selected and stratified into two groups, males and females, science and humanities. The data were gathered through the use of structured questionnaires on four points Likert scale, ranging from strongly agree to strong disagree. Four hundred questionnaires were distributed and three hundred and seventy five were retrieved successfully from the respondents. SPSS version 16 was used in the analysis of the data. Descriptive, chi-square and t test were used to determine differences of attitude among the respondents. The chi-square results for the two hypothesis indicated that there is no significant differences of attitude among the respondents. Where the calculated value is 2.5628 and the tabulated value is 24.996 for the hypothesis one. Calculated value is 4.0609 and the tabulated value is 24.996 for the hypothesis two. The data was subjected to further statistical analysis using t test. The t test results confirmed the chi-square test results.

Regulatory Environment of Capital Market: A Study in Bangladesh PDF
Nannu Mian
The regulatory framework of the capital market of Bangladesh comprises Parliament, the Ministry of Finance, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the Dhaka Stock Exchange Ltd. (SEC) and the Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE). The Bangladesh Securities and Exchange Commission (BSEC) is the authority to monitor and control the activities of the stock exchanges of Bangladesh. The BSEC is controlled by the Ministry of Finance which is obviously empowered by the Parliament. In spite of the presence of structured and strong regulatory authorities, surveillant activities of BSEC and DSE and electronic settlement of shares, it is to be emphatically noted that the capital market had the bitter experience of a nightmarish economic explosion in the late 2010 and the early 2011 and the regulatory bodies are still in the failure doldrum zone to regulate the capital market of Bangladesh though a good number of laws are in force to regulate the functioning of the stock market mechanisms. The research will explore the loopholes existing in the statutes, ordinances and rules specifically regarding the efficacy of the regulation of the capital market. The critical investigation and analyses of the regulatory framework are also the prime concern of this research. At the end of the research, several recommendations have been categorily made to improve the regulation of the capital market for a more genuinely effective overall performance.

Tourism Industry in Tanzania: The Missing Links to Become an Attractive and Competitive Tourist Destination PDF
Richard Ibrahim Msuya

This paper analyzes the performance of Tourism Industry in Tanzania based on the Model of Tourism Destination Competitiveness and Attractiveness (TDCA) as proposed by Vangesayi, S (2003). TDCA Model has been derived from the theory of Demand and Supply. The paper used desk research to collect and analyze data. Different information has been extracted from Tanzania Bureau of Statistics and papers from different sources to come out with results presented in this paper.

The paper found that Tanzania's Tourism Industry is not absolute attractive and competitive despite of being among world's top seven destinations with abundant in natural resources. Poor tourist infrastructures, poor health services, poor hygienic environment, poor human resource development, less price competitiveness and poor diversification of tourist products are among the factors which constraints the performance of the tourist industry in Tanzania.

The paper suggests on diversification of tourist products from Wild Safari in Northern Circuit and pays attention to develop other products such as cultural tourism, beaches, urban tourism found in Southern Circuit. Government of Tanzania should set aside enough funds to develop tourist infrastructures such as roads and airport which seemed to be critical challenges. Promotional campaign should not only focus Europe and United States but also Middle East and Asia and Pacific region.

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