Proximate Analysis and Nutritive Values of Ten Common Vegetables in South -West (Yoruba Land) Nigeria

Author(s): O.A. Akinwunmi, F.O. Omotayo

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Abstract: The proximate and mineral compositions of ten commonly eaten leafy vegetables in South-West Nigeria were determined. The vegetables varied in their composition both in terms of major food, classes (proximate) and the mineral compositions. The proximate range (%): 5.69-24.70(ash), 8.53-17.32(moisture), 1.21-30.59(fat), 10.40-21.15(fibre), 14.60-26.33(crude protein) and 4.72-56.50(carbohydrate). Pb was not detected in any of the samples, while Na, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn and P were present in appreciable levels. The ten leafy vegetables were found to be good sources of nutrients to human body. The vegetables might play major roles in the economy of the farmers and rural dwellers. Efforts have to be made to cultivate these vegetables in large quantities so that they will be readily available for people in cities and towns.

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