Differential Effectiveness of Contingency Management and Cognitive Restructuring in the Reduction of Truancy among Secondary School Adolescent

Josephine. A Oliha

Abstract


The main thrust of this paper is on the efficacy of two instructional strategies – contingency management and cognitive restructuring in the reduction of truancy among secondary school adolescents in Edo State.  Experimental pre-test, post-test and control group design was adopted in the study.  One hundred and forty four students were randomly selected in the four chosen schools.  Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance and the results obtained indicated significant differences in truant behaviour of students exposed to treatment strategies than those in control group.  Also, significant difference existed in truancy treatment between students exposed to contingency management strategy and those exposed to cognitive restructuring.  The researcher however recommends these two strategies to be introduced in the school’s programme and that seminars, conferences and symposia are organized for the class teachers on how to effectively use these behaviour modification strategies in the management of students with truant behaviour.

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